Bachelor of Dental Surgery (BDS) in India is regulated by Dental Council of India (DCI) and is the designated degree for dental doctors. This is the only professional course for dental surgery in India. BDS is one of the most popular undergraduate courses among the students and parents who have craving passion for medical education and is mostly the second most preferred choice after MBBS.
Similar to MBBS, students are exposed to theoretical and practical knowledge for clinical procedures in this course but limited to dental problems, surgery, and denture. As the demand for MBBS Admission seats increases year on year, simultaneously the demand for BDS seats are also increasing.
The course duration of the BDS (Bachelor of Dental Surgery) undergraduate program is 5 years which includes 4 years of theory and 1 year of practical internship. The 1-year internship is mandatory for all students to complete the course. This internship is carried out on a rotational basis wherein every student works in different departments for 2-3 months.
BDS is a mandatory degree for any professional who wants to practice as a dentist in the government or private sector. After the successful completion of the course students receive their ‘Bachelor of Dental Surgery’ degree.
Eligibility criteria for BDS admission
- Must pass 12th or equivalent qualification with science subjects – Physics, Chemistry and Biology with English.
- Must have an aggregate score of 50% in the 12th qualification exam.
- Age to be between 17-25 years at the time of admission process.
- Should have cleared NEET 2020 with the qualifying score.
National Eligibility cum Entrance Test (NEET) Exam
Every candidate has to clear the National Eligibility cum Entrance Test (NEET) conducted by the Medical Council of India (MCI) and Government Authorities of India to get BDS admission.
The National Testing Agency (NTA) is the conducting body of National Eligibility cum Entrance Test (NEET). The mode of examination is offline with language options of English, Hindi, Assamese, Bengali, Gujarati, Marathi, Tamil, Telugu, Oriya, Kannada and Urdu. The duration of examination is 3 hours for a total mark of 720 and the total number of questions in NEET is 180. The exam does have negative marking and the subjects that candidates are tested on are Physics, Chemistry, and Biology.
Every year lakhs of students apply for NEET and compete for the limited number of seats available. For BDS there are around 292 colleges in India with around 27,000 seats on the whole. This makes NEET one of the most difficult and competitive entrance exams in India. The admission processes for all medical courses including BDS direct admission commence once the NEET results are declared.
To enroll for the NEET 2020 entrance exam, online application form had to be submitted through online with complete student details before the last date of registration. During the time of submission, non-refundable application fee has to be paid to complete the application submission process. The fee amount varies with the candidates’ category which as mentioned in the table below.
NEET 2020 application fee:
|Category||Application fee (In Rs)|
|General EWS/ OBC||1400|
|SC/ ST/ PWD||800|
NEET 2020 Result
The NEET 2020 result is expected to be announced soon. The results will be declared online. The candidates can check the results by logging in to their official registered accounts. After the declaration of result, the qualified candidates’ list and the merit list will be released. Based on the merit list, the candidates will be participating in the counseling process and BDS management quota seats will be filled through direct admissions.
Whether a candidate has been qualified in the examination or not is determined by the cut-off for the respective category. The candidate has to clear the cut-off for his/her particular category.
Previous years’ NEET cut off for MBBS
|Category||Minimum Qualifying Percentile||Cut off marks for 2019||Cutoff marks for 2018|
|UR – PWD||45||120||107|
|SC/ ST/ OBC/ PWD||40||107||96|
*UR- Unreserved category, PWD- Persons with disability, SC- Scheduled Caste, ST- Scheduled Tribe, OBC-Other Backward Classes
BDS fee structure
Compared to MBBS, BDS is quite affordable. The average tuition fee for BDS ranges from INR 50,000 to INR 35 Lakhs based on the institution. BDS course fees in government colleges range from INR 50,000 to INR 5 Lakhs, but the tuition fee of private colleges can range up to 35 Lakhs.
However, all candidates need to have cleared the entrance exam to gain admission into Bachelor of Dental Surgery with all reputed universities.
- Dental Histology
- Oral Pathology
- Oral Surgery
- Emergency Medicine
- Public Health Dentistry
- practice dentistry
Other course subjects in BDS are,
|General Pathology||Dental Anatomy|
|General and Dental Pharmacology||Dental Materials|
|Dental Therapeutics||Preclinical Prosthodontics|
|Preclinical Conservative Dentistry||Crown and Bridge|
|Oral Microbiology||General Medicine|
|General Human Anatomy||General Surgery|
|Embryology||Conservative Dentistry And Endodontics|
|Periodontology||Oral And Maxillofacial Surgery|
|General Human Physiology||Oral Medicine And Radiology|
|Biochemistry||Orthodontics & Dentofacial Orthopaedics|
|Nutrition||Pediatric & Preventive Dentistry|
|Dietetics||Orthodontics and Dentofacial Orthopaedics|
In India, there are a number of dental colleges imparting quality education. As per latest reports there are around 292 colleges in India that offer BDS course. Listed below are the top ranked BDS colleges in India as per various reports.
Top BDS Colleges
|RANK||Top BDS COLLEGES||LOCATION|
|1||Maulana Azad Institute of Dental Sciences||New Delhi|
|2||Faculty of Dental Sciences King George’s Medical University||Lucknow|
|3||Faculty of Dental Sciences IMS BHU||Varanasi|
|4||Manipal College of Dental Science||Manipal|
|5||Nair Hospital Dental College||Mumbai|
|6||Government Dental College and Hospital||Mumbai|
|7||Christian Dental College and Hospital||Ludhiana|
|8||Manipal College of Dental Science||Mangalore|
|9||Government Dental College & Hospital||Nagpur|
|10||Dr. R. Ahmed Dental College and Hospital||Kolkata|
|11||Faculty of Dental Sciences Ramaiah University of Applied Sciences||Bengaluru|
Scope after BDS
After completion of undergraduate degree most students prefer to study post graduate courses for better career opportunities and growth.
|Advance Courses after BDS||Specialized Masters|
|M.Sc. in Primary Dental Care||MDS (Community Dentistry)|
|M.Sc. in Paediatric Dentistry||MDS (Conservative Dentistry)|
|M.Sc. in Restorative and Artistic Dentistry||MDS (Oral & Maxillofacial Surgery)|
|MSD (Master of Dental Surgery)||MDS (Oral Medicine & Radiology)|
|MDS (Oral Medicine)|
|Post Graduate Diploma Courses Specializations||MDS (Oral Pathology)|
|Prosthodontics||MDS (Oral Surgery)|
|Oral Surgery||MDS (Periodontics)|
|Oral Medicine||MDS (Prosthodontics & Crown & Bridge)|
|Conservative Dentistry||MDS (Prosthodontics)|
Certificate Courses after BDS
Post-Graduate Certificate in Oral Implantlogy (PGCOI) – IGNOU
BDS is a professional job oriented degree with numerous opportunities from local hospitals to high end corporate companies that manufacture medical devices.
After course completion, students prefer to explore the diverse employment options available for them such as general dentist in a clinic or hospital or to a high-end government job. Some of the prospective employment areas for students after graduating from BDS degree are listed below,
- Dental Clinics
- Government hospitals
- Dental Institutions
- Pharmaceutical Companies
- Dental Products Manufactures
- Private Practice
Some of the government dental jobs opportunities include,
- Army Dental Corps
- Territorial Officer in Indian Army
- Indian Navy or Indian Air force as a Dental Officer
- State Government Jobs as Dental Surgeon etc
The Job Profiles for the BDS graduates include,
- Dental Surgeon
- Oral and Maxillofacial Pathologist
- Oral Surgery